Part-I: Agriculture (50 marks)

I. Concept of Integrated Agriculture:

Components of natural resources as bases for agriculture production (Land, Water, biological, Environmental, Solar, Energy)

II. Challenges in Pakistan’s Agriculture:

Present scenario and future prospects.
Analytical overview: issues and strategies for improvement of crop management, livestock management, fisheries, cottage industry, resource management and rural development. Institutions and policies: issues and options.

III. Elements of Climate and their Relationship with Crop Growth:

Farming Systems, biological nitrogen fixation, soil profile, structure and texture, soil fertility, soil erosion and conservation, water logging and salinity

IV. Genetic Improvement for Crop Production:

GMO crops, Seed production technology.

V. Horticulture:

Floriculture, landscaping, pests and diseases of agriculture crops and
their control, integrated pest management.

VI. Rainfed and Irrigated Agriculture:

Agriculture mechanization, land tenure and land reforms, role of agriculture in national economy.

Part-II Forestry = (50 Marks)

I. Forest, range lands and wildlife importance and significance

II. Forest management and utilization, wood based industries in Pakistan, silviculture

III. Range management and utilization

IV. National and international forest wealth statistics

V. Role of wildlife as value addition to forestry

VI. Forest based wildlife resources of Pakistan and their management, eco-tourism

VII. Forestry, agroforestry, social forestry and forest biometrics

VIII. Socio-economic and ecological impact of man made forests

IX. Watershed Management and role of forests in prevailing climate change dilemma

X. National forest laws and policies at national level, biodiversity & environment


S.No. Title Author
1. Shaping the Future of Water for Agriculture World Bank, USA
2. Participatory Rural Development in Pakistan Khan, M. H
3. Agriculture in Pakistan Khan M. H.
4. Economic Survey of Latest Years
5. Agric/Livestock/Machinery/Rural Developments
Censes of Latest Years
6. Fundamentals of Soil Science Henry D. Foth
7. Manual of Plant Production Abdul Manan.
8.Principles of Field Crop Production Martin., J.H. & Leonard,
9. Diseases of Field Crops Dickson, J.G
10.Irrigation Principles & Practices Isrealson, O.W.
Vaughn, E. Hansen.
11. A Text Book of Plant Pathology A.V.S.S. Sambamurti
12. Breeding Field Crops Poehlman
13. The Principles of Agronomy. Harris, Franklin Stewart
14.Forest Types of Pakistan Champion, H.G., S.K.
Seth and, G.M.Khattak
15.Manual of Silviculture for Pakistan Champion, H.G., S.K.
Seth and G.M.Khattak
16. Trees of Pakistan M.I. Sheikh
17. Range Management in Pakistan M.A.A. Qureshi
18. Comprehensive Forestry B.A. Raza
19. Farm Forestry in Pakistan, M.A.A. Qureshi
20. Forest Management G.M. Khattak,
21. Wildlife Ecology, Conservation and Management A. R. E. Sinclair, J. M.
Fryxell, G.Caughley
22. Basics of Forestry & Allied Sciences Dr. Masood A.A.