International Relations

I. Introduction

The Definition and Scope of International Relations.
The Nation-State System
Evolution of International Society

II. Theories and Approaches

The Classical Approaches-Realism and Idealism
The Scientific Revolution-Behavioral Approach, System Approach,
Neo-realism, Neo-liberalism.
Post-modernism, Critical Theory, Feminism, Constructivism

III. International Political Security.

Conceptualization of security in the Twenty-First century
Power. Elements of National Power
Balance of Power
Foreign Policy: Determinants, Decision Making and Analysis
National Interest

IV. Strategic Approach to International Relation.


Causation of War, Total War, Limited War, Asymmetric Warfare, Civil War, Guerrilla Warfare

Strategic Culture:

Determinants of Pakistani Strategic Culture.


Theory and practice with special reference to India and Pakistan

V. International Political Economy.

Theories in IPE:

Mercantilism, Economic Liberalism, and Neo- Marxism

Theories of Imperialism

Dependence and Interdependence discourse

VI. International political community.


VII. Approaches to Peace


International Law

Arms Control /Disarmament and Nuclear Non proliferation Regime

International Political Institution

United Nations

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

World Bank

International Court of Justice

International Relation between two Wars

Russian Revolution, Fascism, League of Nations, Second World War

Cold War

Decolonization in Asia and Africa.

Rise of United States and Soviet Union,

Era of Tight Bipolarity,

Détente and Loose Bipolarity,

Revival of Cold War

Post Cold War

End of History,

Clash of Civilizations,



Unipolarity (New World Order) and

Revival of Multi-Polarity

International and Regional Organizations

League of Nations,

United Nations,

Regional Organizations,









Reforms in the

United Nations,

World Bank



Foreign Policy of Selected Countries








South Asia

Peace-making and Peace-Building in South Asia:

Analytical overview of peace processes between/among the states of South Asia especially between India and Pakistan.

India and Pakistan:

Overview of agreements and accords,

Indus Water Treaty;

Composite Dialogue;

Sir Creek & Siachen border,

Visa and People to people contact;

Trade; and Role of civil society


Cold war theatre;

Soviet Invasion and Mujahedeen;

Geneva Accord;

Post Cold War situation—Rise of Taliban,

AL-Qeada & 9/11;

Operation Enduring

Freedom; The Bonn Process- Withdrawal

VII. Weapons of Mass Destruction

Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear Weapon States-

Programs and Postures:

Indian-Pakistan Nuclear Doctrines

Nuclear Non –Proliferation Regime:

International Atomic Energy Agency,

Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty;

Nuclear Supplier Group;

Partial Test Ban Treaty;

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty;

Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty

Challenges of Non-Proliferation,

Cooperation for Nuclear Energy

The Missile Defense Systems and their impact on global strategic environment

Militarization and Weaponization of Space

VIII. Contemporary Issues

Euro-Atlantic Vs. Asia Pacific: Great Power Policies

Kashmir Issue

Palestine Issue


  1. World Politics: Trend and Transformation, Ninth Edition by Charles W. Kegley J R. and Eugene R Wittkop f.
  2. Understanding International Relations, Second Edition by Chris Brown
  3. Politics Among Nations by Hans j. Morgenthau
  4. International Politics: A Framework for Analysis by Holsti, K.J.
  5. Contemporary Security and Strategy by Craig A. Snyder (ed.),
  6. The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations by John Baylis and Stev Smith,eds
  7. Games Nations Play, Seventh Edition by John Spanier
  8. Essentials readings in World Politics by Karen Mingst
  9. World in Collision: Terror and the Future of Global Order by Ken Booth and Tim Dunne,ed
  10. Theory of International Politics by Kenneth N. Waltz
  11. Theories of International Relations by Scott Burchill and Andrew Linklater
  12. The Cause of Wars by Michael Howard
  13. Politics of Nuclear Weapons in south Asia by Bhumitra Chakma, ed
  14. The Twenty Year’s Crisis ; 1919-1939:An Introduction to the Study of International Relation by E.H. Carr
  15. Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons by Joseph Cirincione
  16. Arms Control: The New Guide to Negotiations and Agreements by Jozef Goldblat
  17. Explaining Foreign Policy by Llyod Jenson
  18. The International Politics of Space by Michael Sheehan
  19. Foreign Policy Making Process: A Case Study of Pakistan by Moonis Ahmar, ed
  20. Planning the Unthinkable How New Powers Will Use Nuclear Biological And Chemical Weapons by Peter R. Lavoy, Scott D. Sagan, and James J. Wirtz
  21. Pakistan’s Foreign Policy : An Historical Analysis by S.M. Burke
  22. International Relations: Politics and Economy in the 21st Century by William Nester
  23. Foreign Policy and Political process by William Wallace
  24. Nuclear Risk Reduction Measures and Restraint Regime in South Asia by Zafar Nawaz Jaspal
  25. The India- Pakistan Military Standoff; Crisis and Escalation in South Asia (United States) by Zachary S. Davis, ed
  26. Nuclear Pakistan: Strategic Dimensions by Zulfiqar Khan, ed