International Relations in politics

I. Introduction
 The Definition and Scope of International Relations.
 The Nation-State System
 Evolution of International Society
II. Theories and Approaches
 The Classical Approaches-Realism and Idealism
 The Scientific Revolution-Behavioral Approach, System Approach,
 Neo-realism, Neo-liberalism.
 Post-modernism, Critical Theory, Feminism, Constructivism
III. International Political Security.
 Conceptualization of security in the Twenty-First century
 Power. Elements of National Power
 Balance of Power
 Foreign Policy: Determinants, Decision Making and Analysis
 Sovereignty
 National Interest
IV. Strategic Approach to International Relation.
 War: Causation of War, Total War, Limited War, Asymmetric Warfare, Civil War,
Guerilla Warfare
 Strategic Culture: Determinants of Pakistani Strategic Culture.
 Deterrence: Theory and practice with special reference to India and Pakistan
V. International Political Economy.
 Theories in IPE: Mercantilism, Economic Liberalism, and Neo- Marxism
 Theories of Imperialism, Dependence and Interdependence discourse
VI. International political community.
 Nationalism
 Internationalism
 Globalization
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Revised Scheme and Syllabus for CSS Competitive Examination
VII. Approaches to Peace
 Diplomacy

International Law
 Arms Control /Disarmament and Nuclear Non proliferation Regime
International Political Institution

United Nations
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
 World Bank
International Court of Justice

VIII. Paper- II (Marks-100)
I. International Relation between two Wars

Russian Revolution, Fascism, League of Nations, Second World War
Cold War
 Decolonization in Asia and Africa.
Rise of United States and Soviet Union,
Era of Tight Bipolarity, Détente and Loose Bipolarity, Revival of Cold War
Post Cold War
End of History, Clash of Civilizations, Terrorism, Globalization, Unipolarity (New
World Order) and Revival of Multi-Polarity
International and Regional Organizations
 League of Nations, United Nations, Regional Organizations,
EU, ASEAN,
NAFTA, SAARC, SCO, OIC, ECO, WTO.
Reforms in the United Nations, World Bank and the IMF
Foreign Policy of Selected Countries
USA, Russia, China, UK, India, Pakistan and EU

II. III. IV. V. VI. South Asia
 Peace-making and Peace-Building in South Asia: Analytical overview of peace
processes between/among the states of South Asia especially between India and
Pakistan.
 India and Pakistan: Overview of agreements and accords, Indus Water Treaty;
Composite Dialogue; Sir Creek & Siachen border, Visa and People to people
contact; Trade; and Role of civil society
 Afghanistan: Cold war theatre; Soviet Invasion and Mujahedeen; Geneva Accord;
Post Cold War situation—Rise of Taliban, AL-Qeada & 9/11; Operation Enduring
Freedom; The Bonn Process- Withdrawal
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Revised Scheme and Syllabus for CSS Competitive Examination
VII. Weapons of Mass Destruction
 Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
 Nuclear Weapon States- Programs and Postures: Indian-Pakistan Nuclear
Doctrines
 Nuclear Non –Proliferation Regime: International Atomic Energy Agency, Nuclear
Non- Proliferation Treaty; Nuclear Supplier Group; Partial Test Ban Treaty;
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty; Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty
 Challenges of Non-Proliferation, Cooperation for Nuclear Energy
 The Missile Defence Systems and their impact on global strategic environment
 Militarization and Weaponization of Space.
VIII. Contemporary Issues
 Euro-Atlantic Vs. Asia Pacific: Great Power Policies
 Kashmir Issue
 Palestine Issue
SUGGESTED READINGS

S.No. Title Author
1. World Politics: Trend and Transformation,
Ninth Edition
Charles W. Kegley JR. and
Eugene R Wittkopf
2. Understanding International Relations,
Second Edition
Chris Brown
3. Politics Among Nations Hans j. Morgenthau
4. International Politics: A Framework for
Analysis
Holsti, K.J.
5. Contemporary Security and Strategy Craig A. Snyder (ed.),
6. The Globalization of World Politics: An
Introduction to International Relations
John Baylis and Stev
Smith,eds
7. Games Nations Play, Seventh Edition John Spanier
8. Essentials readings in World Politics Karen Mingst
9. World in Collision: Terror and the Future of
Global Order
Ken Booth and Tim Dunne,
ed
10. Theory of International Politics Kenneth N. Waltz
11. Theories of International Relations Scott Burchill and Andrew
Linklater
12. The Cause of Wars Michael Howard
13. Politics of Nuclear Weapons in south Asia Bhumitra Chakma, ed

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Revised Scheme and Syllabus for CSS Competitive Examination

S.No. Title Author
14. The Twenty Year’s Crisis ; 1919-1939:An
Introduction to the Study of International
Relation
E.H. Carr
15. Bomb Scare: The History and Future of
Nuclear Weapons
Joseph Cirincione
16. Arms Control: The New Guide to
Negotiations and Agreements
Jozef Goldblat
17. Explaining Foreign Policy Llyod Jenson
18. The International Politics of Space Michael Sheehan
19. Foreign Policy Making Process: A Case
Study of Pakistan
Moonis Ahmar, ed
20. Planning the Unthinkable How New
Powers Will Use Nuclear Biological And
Chemical Weapons
Peter R. Lavoy, Scott D.
Sagan, and James J. Wirtz
21. Pakistan’s Foreign Policy : An Historical
Analysis
S.M. Burke
22. International Relations: Politics and
Economy in the 21st Century
William Nester
23. Foreign Policy and Political process William Wallace
24. Nuclear Risk Reduction Measures and
Restraint Regime in South Asia
Zafar Nawaz Jaspal
25. The India- Pakistan Military Standoff; Crisis
and Escalation in South Asia (United
States
Zachary S. Davis, ed
26. Nuclear Pakistan: Strategic Dimensions Zulfiqar Khan, ed