Primary Education in Pakistan

Primary/elementary education

Primary/ Elementary education is the first step of our educational system. It is the first stage of formal education followed by secondary and higher education in order to step up on the leader of educational success pyramid, one is required to pass on this stage. It starts from nursery or prep and ends at nearly 5 class/grade in Pakistan.

There are two types of schools in Pakistan.

  1. Governmental Schools
  2. Private Schools

In Governmental schools children aged 5-6 years begin this journey of academic excellence. At times when we were studying, there were no nursery or prep classes instead there was only one class called KG locally named as KACHI of one year.

After passing this class students were promoted to one grade or class and the normal journey of education would take place. However, in recent years this method was replaced by two years preparation period generally known in public as KG-1 AND KG-2 or Nursery and Prep.

These two classes can also be referred to as basic education because in this stage a student learns, how to learn? and seek knowledge of self-learning.

In governmental schools, education from nursery to metric education is free or with very low tuition fee. Recently they also provide uniform, books and other stationary materials to pupils. While in private institutions and schools relatively tuition fees are high.

However, educational and academic experiences of children and parents of these schools are satisfied with educational growth and unleashing the potential of children enrolled in these schools as compared to Governmental schools.

Primary education in our criteria is subdivided into the following groups of reference:


Primary is from 1st class to 5th class. Generally, the age of students ranges from 5 to 10 years.


The middle is from 6th to 8th class. The general age of students ranges from 11 to 12 years.


High is from 9th to 10th also known as Matriculation. The general age range is 13 to 15 years. After matriculation, a certificate is issued of confirming students passage to secondary education or College education.

Why it is necessary?

Primary education plays an important role in children life, especially in academic or educational careers. It can make or break ones academic career. Students who make a successful transition from primary can succeed in secondary and higher education as well and those who fail to do so rarely pursue secondary or higher education.

In our perspective, primary education is an overview of secondary and higher education. Students can see a glimpse of the future in this period. Formally it takes 10 or 12 academic years to complete primary education and the same 10 to 12 years are required to complete higher education that is Ph.D.

Those who succeed in both have greater opportunities to learn, earn and live a prosperous life. They never end up in poverty or misery. They are most satisfied with their professions, passions and generally with life. Those who do not achieve success in primary education rarely achieve success in life and in their professions, passions and overall their life.

Types of Primary education

There are different types of Schools offering different types of primary education. Under governmental approval of syllabus and registration procedures governmental and private schools offer following types of primary education.

Community schools

These types of schools offer community-based education. Generally, they have community-based management, staff, teachers, and students of the same community. They teach their own norms and values to their children with community-centered curriculum.

They have a free hand in syllabus up to Matriculation. After that, they have to prepare their children for competition with other schools in given educational boards of governmental authorities. Where community-based schools no more interested in community centrism.

Schools of Foundations and charitable Trusts

These schools are under the supervision and management of foundation and trusts. They have their own agendas for education. These type of schools can be found in cities. They rarely work in villages. They hire and fire staff, manage the flow of educational activities. They are charitable as well as organizational owned schools.

Religious Schools

These schools are which are aided by private or public organizations, people and interest groups. Anyone can apply however deserving and people who can’t pay school fees are enrolled in these schools. Where religious studies are also included in the syllabus. Religious authorities either from government or local representatives of religious groups manage and run daily activities.

Special schools for Special Children

These schools are basically for children with specific educational assistance, such as physically, behaviorally and intellectually challenged. Some are specially designed for Gifted children; who are intellectually superior from their peers.

Boarding schools:

These schools are basically for orphaned children who can’t afford fees. These schools offer free tuition, but charge fees for board and lodging. The second category of these schools is of elite class children who are boarded in these schools so that their parents can enjoy their life freely. They have to pay all fees in advance so that their children could be raised in ultra-modern standards of elite society.


These are managed and controlled by individuals and groups independently. Governmental authorities and local bodies of education have no influence on these academies. They have the highest fee structures and offer the best opportunities for learning to their students. In today’s fast pace world academies are heaven for students who want to enhance their capabilities and unleash their potentials.

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